Review of Key Wildlife Threats Factors from Literature and Observation Perspectives: A Way forward for Sustainable Wildlife Genetic Resource Conservation Practices in Ethiopia

Mulualem G Tesfahunegny W      

Abstract

Wildlife threat is an issue with off-putting role in our effort to conserve and sustainably utilize the biological capitals. However, the wildlife biodiversity and conservation practices are still at low attention. Therefore, this review was aimed at identifying key wildlife threats factors operating against our natural capital. Moreover, a way forward for sustainable conservation practices of wildlife genetic resource was also drawn. The information presented in this review was collected from previous studies of existing ecological literatures and personnel observation of the authors in the issue being reviewed. As well, fact sheets, full length manuscripts, review articles, country reports and various valuable WebPages were used. The review paper discusses briefly internally consistent scenarios that explore aspects of key wildlife threats and their conservation implications in the light of sustainable wildlife management programs. There are encouraging efforts in Ethiopian protected areas system. However, there are also certain national parks belonging as paper parks due to lack of the intended schemes of wildlife conservation practices. Thus, sustainable wildlife conservation schemes can help to protect genetic resources of the country. As well, sustainability can be secured through community participation and supporting the economic wellbeing of the largest society. Therefore, enhancing sustainability through participatory approaches and stake in various sectors should be a future direction of conservation. In the presence of threats it is challenging to pledge sustainable development agendas. Hence, mainstreaming wildlife conservation practices to school clubs, the largest community and stake in to different sectors is vital tool of enhancing sustainable conservation.


MS Received Date:   2016-08-20  MS Accepted Date:  2016-09-29  MS Published Date:  2016-10-06
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Mulualem G, Tesfahunegny W. "Review of Key Wildlife Threats Factors from Literature and Observation Perspectives: A Way forward for Sustainable Wildlife Genetic Resource Conservation Practices in Ethiopia" Journal of Zoology Studies 3.5 (2016): 1-12.
Citation in MLA Format
Mulualem, G., Tesfahunegny, W. (2016). Review of Key Wildlife Threats Factors from Literature and Observation Perspectives: A Way forward for Sustainable Wildlife Genetic Resource Conservation Practices in Ethiopia. Journal of Zoology Studies, 3(5), 1-12.
Citation in APA Format
Mulualem G, Tesfahunegny W. Review of Key Wildlife Threats Factors from Literature and Observation Perspectives: A Way forward for Sustainable Wildlife Genetic Resource Conservation Practices in Ethiopia. Journal of Zoology Studies. 2016; 3(5): 1-12.
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