Review of Conservation Medicine Practices on Wildlife: A Lesson for Sustaining Eco- Healthy in Wildlife Genetic Biodiversity of Ethiopia

Mulualem G Tesfahunegny W      

Abstract

Conservation medicine, a sub-specialty within the field of conservation biology is concerned about the application of medicine to enhance the conservation of wildlife. Hence, this paper was aimed at reviewing conservation medicine practices on wildlife genetic diversity. As well, lessons for sustaining eco- healthy in wildlife biodiversity of Ethiopia were also drawn. The information presented in this review was collected from previous studies of existing eco-health literatures.  Besides, fact sheets, full length manuscripts, review articles, country reports and various valuable Webpages were used. The field of conservation medicine is an emerging discipline that links human and animal health with ecosystem health and global environmental changes. Biodiversity has an important role to play in protecting human health and can, in some cases, act as a buffer to the transmission of infectious diseases. Thus, management of wildlife disease may be directed at the disease agent, host population, habitat or be focused on human activities.. Hence, from conservation medicine perspectives, Ethiopian protected area system require establishment of satellite clinics of fully equipped wildlife veterinary staffs within its key conservation areas. Furthermore, research practices and policy landscape of conservation importance wildlife biota should be supported with zoological medicine practices. In view of the conservation status of wildlife population, multidisciplinary disease response personnel comprising mandated institutes and other stakeholders should be formed to conduct surveillance, research, and response on diseases affecting wildlife genetic diversity in Ethiopia. In general, conservation medicine trained wildlife veterinary professionals need to be departmentalized within institutions authorized to conserve wildlife genetic diversity of Ethiopia.


MS Received Date:   2016-08-23  MS Accepted Date:  2016-10-07  MS Published Date:  2016-10-07
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Mulualem G, Tesfahunegny W. "Review of Conservation Medicine Practices on Wildlife: A Lesson for Sustaining Eco- Healthy in Wildlife Genetic Biodiversity of Ethiopia" Journal of Zoology Studies 3.5 (2016): 48-56.
Citation in MLA Format
Mulualem, G., Tesfahunegny, W. (2016). Review of Conservation Medicine Practices on Wildlife: A Lesson for Sustaining Eco- Healthy in Wildlife Genetic Biodiversity of Ethiopia. Journal of Zoology Studies, 3(5), 48-56.
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Mulualem G, Tesfahunegny W. Review of Conservation Medicine Practices on Wildlife: A Lesson for Sustaining Eco- Healthy in Wildlife Genetic Biodiversity of Ethiopia. Journal of Zoology Studies. 2016; 3(5): 48-56.
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