Review of Field Survey Practices on (Mammalia: Chiroptera): A Working Guide for Junior Mammalogist in Ethiopia

Mulualem G Tesfahunegny W      

Abstract

Bats are considered sensitive indicators of the health of the wider environment and their population trends will reflect changes in climate, water quality and agricultural practices. However, our knowledge on bat biodiversity is in its infancy. Therefore, this paper was aimed at reviewing field survey practices on bats as a working guide for junior mammalogist in Ethiopia. The information presented in this review was collected from previous studies of existing mammalogy and wildlife ecology literatures. The summary of the review gives a common picture of valuable field survey practices and chiropteran count protocols. Catching is one of the tool for collection of bat species from their ecological zones. Of this, mist-nets are most commonly used to catch bats and have the advantage of being light, easily portable and easily erectable in the field. Moreover, harp-traps are less portable and have a smaller catching surface than mist-nets. Keys based on external features are the most useful identification tools in the field and may reduce the need to kill animals. In addition to catching individuals, bats can be surveyed, and numbers estimated by using observational techniques. Furthermore, field teams must include local collaborators that are experienced with working in the project site being stipulated. All personnel that will be handling bats need to have pre-exposure rabies vaccination series. Monitoring population trends of bats is an essential component of bat conservation.  Generally, chiropteran field works should follow standard field survey protocols to fill the existing Knowledge gap in bats that will aid conservation practices.


MS Received Date:   2016-09-01  MS Accepted Date:  2016-10-07  MS Published Date:  2016-10-10
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Mulualem G, Tesfahunegny W. "Review of Field Survey Practices on (Mammalia: Chiroptera): A Working Guide for Junior Mammalogist in Ethiopia" Journal of Zoology Studies 3.5 (2016): 57-72.
Citation in MLA Format
Mulualem, G., Tesfahunegny, W. (2016). Review of Field Survey Practices on (Mammalia: Chiroptera): A Working Guide for Junior Mammalogist in Ethiopia. Journal of Zoology Studies, 3(5), 57-72.
Citation in APA Format
Mulualem G, Tesfahunegny W. Review of Field Survey Practices on (Mammalia: Chiroptera): A Working Guide for Junior Mammalogist in Ethiopia. Journal of Zoology Studies. 2016; 3(5): 57-72.
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