Effect of ruminant kairomone volatile fatty acids on larval stages of five ixodid tick species

Ranju RS Latha BR Leela V Basith SA    

Abstract

In vitro evaluations were made to assess the effect of volatile fatty acids namely butyric acid, propionic acid and a combination of both on the larval stages of all five ixodid tick species which are prevalent in Tamil Nadu namely Rhipicephalus(Boophilus) microplus, Haemaphysalis bispinosa, Rhipicephalus haemaphysaloides, Hyalomma marginatum and Rhipicephalus sanguineus . The study revealed that H. marginatum and R.haemaphysaloides showed maximum attraction to butyric acid (43 %) where as H. bispinosa was least attracted (32 %). With propionic acid H. marginatum revealed highest attraction (43 %) followed by R. haemaphysaloides (40 %). The least attraction towards propionic acid was exhibited by R. microplus larval stages (28 %). Combination of propionic acid and butyric acid resulted in maximum attraction of 46 per cent among H. marginatum followed by R. microplus larvae (43 %). The least attraction to the combination trial was exhibited by H. bispinosa larvae (22 %). Rhipicephalus sanguineus larvae did not exhibit any attraction or demonstrate any behavioural response towards the volatile fatty acids.


MS Received Date:   2014-04-03  MS Accepted Date:  2014-05-16  MS Published Date:  2014-05-17
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Ranju RS, Latha BR., Leela V., Basith SA. "Effect of ruminant kairomone volatile fatty acids on larval stages of five ixodid tick species" Journal of Zoology Studies 1.3 (2014): 14-18.
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Ranju, RS., Latha, BR., Leela, V., Basith, SA. (2014). Effect of ruminant kairomone volatile fatty acids on larval stages of five ixodid tick species. Journal of Zoology Studies, 1(3), 14-18.
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Ranju RS, Latha BR, Leela V, Basith SA. Effect of ruminant kairomone volatile fatty acids on larval stages of five ixodid tick species. Journal of Zoology Studies. 2014; 1(3): 14-18.
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