Diversity and community structure of beetles and their role as bioindicators in Ashtoum El- Gamil protectorate Port Said, Egypt

Ossamy S Elbanna SM Orabi GM Semida FM    

Abstract

The diversity of invertebrate fauna across many different types of environments means that invertebrates are likely to be sensitive indicators of land use. Particularly, on a global scale beetles meet most of bio indication criteria. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effects of different aspects of disturbance on beetle diversity and community structure, as well as evaluate the beetles assemblages as bioindicators in Ashtoum El-Gamil protectorate using pitfall traps. A total of 658 adult specimens were collected seasonally from 12 sites belonging to 22 species and 13 families. Beetles abundance showed spatially significant difference among different study sites; where, (P< 0.05). The most abundant site was the disturbed site of Quail farm (90 individuals); while, the natural sites were the lowest (6). The ordination result of the DCA analysis for beetles species sampled during the study period separated the natural sites with their characteristic species from the disturbed sites. Also, The CCA showed that the plant species Mesembryanthemum forsskalei & Sarcornia fruticos and sand percentage of the soil parameters (P < 0.01) were correlated with the natural sites. In conclusion, it was found that there is a significant effect of disturbance on the species composition of beetles in Ashtoum El-Gamil protectorate.


MS Received Date:   2014-05-26  MS Accepted Date:  2014-06-08  MS Published Date:  2014-07-03
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Ossamy S, Elbanna SM., Orabi GM., Semida FM. "Diversity and community structure of beetles and their role as bioindicators in Ashtoum El- Gamil protectorate Port Said, Egypt" Journal of Zoology Studies 1.3 (2014): 38-50.
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Ossamy, S., Elbanna, SM., Orabi, GM., Semida, FM. (2014). Diversity and community structure of beetles and their role as bioindicators in Ashtoum El- Gamil protectorate Port Said, Egypt. Journal of Zoology Studies, 1(3), 38-50.
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Ossamy S, Elbanna SM, Orabi GM, Semida FM. Diversity and community structure of beetles and their role as bioindicators in Ashtoum El- Gamil protectorate Port Said, Egypt. Journal of Zoology Studies. 2014; 1(3): 38-50.
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