Contemporary challenges of restoring the threatened important bird area of Lake Haramaya, Eastern Ethiopia

Mulualem G Ayalew S Tesfahunegny W     

Abstract

The study was carried out at the margin of the threatened lake Haramaya neighboring inhabitants from March to June 2015. The objective of the study was to assess the current challenges of restoring the threatened important bird area of Lake Haramaya. Community based cross sectional study design was employed. The subject of the study was confined to households proximal to the lake in settlement, agricultural and other activities. The total population in the town was 6556 households. Considering only 50 m distance of the settlements to the proximity of the lake shore 10% (60 households) were taken. The subjects of the study was proportionally allotted to each three locality Tuji-Gebissa, n1= 16, Ifa-Bate, n2= 13 and 02 n3= 31) found around the lake based on thier proximity to the shore lines. The individuals from each site were purposely selected using judgmental sampling. Questionnaire that contains both open and closed ended questions regarding the current challenges of restoring the threatened important bird area of Lake Haramaya was used to collect data. Besides, observation checklist was also used to observe the overall threat factors operating in the site. The lake is highly threatened important bird area as a result of various threat factors. Majority (66.6 %) of the local villagers reported that, the land use of the lake is more preferred for agricultural expansion. On the other hand, 33.3% of the villagers reported that, the shore line is preferred for better settlement. Majority (100%) of the local villagers were releasing both solid and liquid types of waste towards the shoreline of the lake. 50% of the local villagers without toilet use agricultural fields proximal to the lake whereas (50%) use open shoreline of the lake. The lake is an important bird area listed by Ethiopian Wildlife conservation authority but human settlement around the lake shore is a threat factor threatening the overall ecology within the watershed. Generally, the lake needs a great concern of conservation by all stakeholders and inhabitants to manage human settlement, waste disposal, agricultural practice, pumped irrigation, uncontrolled fishing and cutting of wetland grass.


MS Received Date:   2015-11-26  MS Accepted Date:  2015-12-20  MS Published Date:  2015-12-21
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Mulualem G, Ayalew S., Tesfahunegny W. "Contemporary challenges of restoring the threatened important bird area of Lake Haramaya, Eastern Ethiopia" Journal of Zoology Studies 2.4 (2015): 21-29.
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Mulualem, G., Ayalew, S., Tesfahunegny, W. (2015). Contemporary challenges of restoring the threatened important bird area of Lake Haramaya, Eastern Ethiopia. Journal of Zoology Studies, 2(4), 21-29.
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Mulualem G, Ayalew S, Tesfahunegny W. Contemporary challenges of restoring the threatened important bird area of Lake Haramaya, Eastern Ethiopia. Journal of Zoology Studies. 2015; 2(4): 21-29.
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