Misuse of insecticide treated bed nets in malaria epidemic areas of Gende Rege Kebelle, Dire Dawa Administration, Eastern Ethiopia

Mulualem G Fentie M      

Abstract

Over the past decades, significant gains have been made in the implementation of malaria prevention measures in sub-Saharan Africa, including the distribution of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs). Currently most nations in Africa have policies for distributing ITNs to the society through various mechanisms; however the bed nets are being misused for purposes other than vector control strategies. The study was carried out from January to June 2014. The objective of the study was to assess misuse of insecticide treated bed nets in Gende Rege Kebelle, Dire Dawa city administration, Eastern Ethiopia. Before the beginning of the study a preliminary survey were carried out to assess the status of misuse among the households of the kebele. Subsequently, a cross-sectional study was employed. Considering the outcome of the preliminary investigation only households misusing the bed nets 10% (50 households) for purposes other than malaria control were taken. Study participants were interviewed through a standardized household questionnaire form using the local Oromiffa language. The data were entered in to Microsoft Exel data sheets, cross checked and transferred, and analyzed using table and percentage representation. Around 68% of the local community pointed, they use insecticide treated bed nets for purposes other than malaria control. In contrary, 32% of the respondents reported that, they didn’t utilize the bed nets for mosquito control measures after they have it. About 64% of the local community responded that, they didn’t knew the effect of using insecticide treated bed nets for purposes other than malaria control strategies. On other hand, 36% of the respondents are familiar with the possible effects of using insecticide treated bed nets for purposes other than malaria control programs. About 94% of the respondents reported that, there was breeding area of mosquitoes in their locality while 6% of the respondents reported there was no breeding area of mosquitoes nearby their homes. The study shown that, there is significant misuse of insecticide treated bed nets by the local communities. Owing this, Promoting positive attitude towards use of insecticide treated bed nets and its health benefits should be a focus of future vector control campaign at regional and national level.


MS Received Date:   2015-12-13  MS Accepted Date:  2015-12-26  MS Published Date:  2015-12-29
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Mulualem G, Fentie M. "Misuse of insecticide treated bed nets in malaria epidemic areas of Gende Rege Kebelle, Dire Dawa Administration, Eastern Ethiopia" Journal of Zoology Studies 2.4 (2015): 39-47.
Citation in MLA Format
Mulualem, G., Fentie, M. (2015). Misuse of insecticide treated bed nets in malaria epidemic areas of Gende Rege Kebelle, Dire Dawa Administration, Eastern Ethiopia. Journal of Zoology Studies, 2(4), 39-47.
Citation in APA Format
Mulualem G, Fentie M. Misuse of insecticide treated bed nets in malaria epidemic areas of Gende Rege Kebelle, Dire Dawa Administration, Eastern Ethiopia. Journal of Zoology Studies. 2015; 2(4): 39-47.
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