Depredation of domestic fowl by birds of prey in low income rural households of Alamata Wereda, Southern Tigray, Ethiopia

Mulualem G Tesfahunegny W      

Abstract

The study was carried out from October 2012 - February 2013 with the aim of assessing depredation of domestic chickens owned by low income rural households of Alamata wereda Southern Tigray, Ethiopia. Community based cross sectional study design was employed for the survey. The subjects of the study was confined to sample sites namely 02 (Gereb Gufto) and 04 (Adi haki). Non probability sampling method was employed to obtain 100 households with small scale subsistence poultry farming practices and vulnerable to depredation by birds of prey. The researcher used primary data for the study. The data was collected by preparing questionnaire for interview. Questionnaire that contains both open and closed ended questions regarding depredation of domestic fowl by birds of prey were administered to 100 households. The data on depredation of domestic fowl by birds of prey was analyzed through descriptive statistics. The result of our study shown that, majority (65 %) of the local villagers reported that, depredation by birds of prey were the most important determinant for losses of domestic fowl in the locality. Besides, Around 30% of the local villagers pointed that, the currently practiced traditional waste management methods were the leading factors for the occurrence of depredation. Around 33% of the local villagers reported that, falling to pay students stationary materials are the possible consequences of depredation of domestic fowl in their livelihood. All (100%) of the local villagers reported that, the victims of depredation are low income rural communities who own free ranging chickens grown in their backyard. To the knowledge of the study participants Yellow billed Kite, Hooded Vulture and African White-backed Vulture were the dominate bird species of depredation. Around 35% of the local villager reported that, use of loud vocalization and 24 % making use of waft cloth up on trying to catch the domestic fowl down ward were the possible mechanisms used to deter the avian predators. All (100%) of the local villagers reported that, all birds of prey were not successful in predation of domestic fowl. Therefore, large scale economic loss caused by depredation of domestic fowl among low income households should be studies to design eco-friend intervention approaches to sustain the livelihood of the villagers.


MS Received Date:   2016-01-01  MS Accepted Date:  2016-01-12  MS Published Date:  2016-01-13
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Mulualem G, Tesfahunegny W. "Depredation of domestic fowl by birds of prey in low income rural households of Alamata Wereda, Southern Tigray, Ethiopia" Journal of Zoology Studies 2.5 (2015): 22-29.
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Mulualem, G., Tesfahunegny, W. (2015). Depredation of domestic fowl by birds of prey in low income rural households of Alamata Wereda, Southern Tigray, Ethiopia. Journal of Zoology Studies, 2(5), 22-29.
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Mulualem G, Tesfahunegny W. Depredation of domestic fowl by birds of prey in low income rural households of Alamata Wereda, Southern Tigray, Ethiopia. Journal of Zoology Studies. 2015; 2(5): 22-29.
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