Community Perception and Practices of Environmental Conservation along Flooding Line Settlements of Birka Kebele, Dire Dawa, Eastern Ethiopia

Mulualem G Ayalew S Tesfahunegny W     

Abstract

Environmental conservation is an issue of concern throughout the world, especially in east Africa countries and cause climate change, soil erosion, flooding, drought, famine and migration. The objective of the study was to assess the knowledge, perception and practice of the public on environmental conservation along flooding line settlements of Birka Keble, Dire Dawa administration, Eastern Ethiopia. The study was conducted from January 2015- May 2015. Community based cross sectional study design was employed. The subjects of the study were only confined to households proximal to the flooding lines settlements. Purposive sampling technique was employed to select the target populations of the study. Accordingly, a total of fifty households proximal to the flooding line were included. Questionnaire that contains both open and closed ended questions regarding knowledge of environmental conservation and its associated risk factors, Conservation practices, Traditional natural resource conservation and challenges to conserve the environmental resource were interviewed. The collected data was analyzed using percentage and presented through tables and graphs. The largest parts (84%) of the villagers living along the flooding lines were not conscious about environmental conservation and its associated risk factors. Likewise, 62% of the local community reported that, there was weak synchronization between development agents and flooding line households on natural resource management activities. Most (72%) of the flooding line households reported that, there was no conservation practices on local environmental resource found in the study site. Around 31.9% of the local households obtain their income from the locally available natural resources. About 25% of the local flooding line villagers reported that, flooding and soil erosion was the adverse effects posed as a result of poor environmental conservation practices in the locality. Similarly 25% of the households responded, there were dramatic change of the local environment from previous years. Generally, poor environmental management, lack of community awareness, socio economic dependency on local natural resource was the main conservation challenges along the flooding prone settlements. Thus, efforts focusing on educating people, creating community awareness and community based natural resource management help to intervene the problem under question.


MS Received Date:   2016-01-02  MS Accepted Date:  2016-01-19  MS Published Date:  2016-01-19
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Mulualem G, Ayalew S., Tesfahunegny W. "Community Perception and Practices of Environmental Conservation along Flooding Line Settlements of Birka Kebele, Dire Dawa, Eastern Ethiopia" Journal of Zoology Studies 2.5 (2015): 30-37.
Citation in MLA Format
Mulualem, G., Ayalew, S., Tesfahunegny, W. (2015). Community Perception and Practices of Environmental Conservation along Flooding Line Settlements of Birka Kebele, Dire Dawa, Eastern Ethiopia. Journal of Zoology Studies, 2(5), 30-37.
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Mulualem G, Ayalew S, Tesfahunegny W. Community Perception and Practices of Environmental Conservation along Flooding Line Settlements of Birka Kebele, Dire Dawa, Eastern Ethiopia. Journal of Zoology Studies. 2015; 2(5): 30-37.
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