A Review on Zoonosis and Avian Influenza (Bird Flu): A Literature Review

Tesfahunegny W       

Abstract

This article reviews literature on zoonosis infections, zoonosis in wildlife, influenza virus and subtypes, the ways zoonotic diseases spread, precautions against transmission to birds and other wildlife. Books, booklets, research proceedings, journals newspapers and fact sheets were used. A zoonosis is a disease or infection that is naturally transmitted between vertebrate animals and humans. Zoonosis have affected human health throughout times, and wildlife has always played a role. Zoonosis with a wildlife reservoir represent a major public health problem, affecting all continents. Hundreds of pathogens and many different transmission modes are involved, and many factors influence the epidemiology of the various zoonosis. The importance and recognition of wildlife as a reservoir of zoonosis are increasing. Cost effective prevention and control of these zoonosis necessitate an interdisciplinary and holistic approach and international cooperation. Surveillance, laboratory capability, research, training and education, and communication are key elements. Finally, conservation measures or biosecurity and hygiene, as well as prevention guidelines will be developed and perspectives proposed.


MS Received Date:   2016-03-20  MS Accepted Date:  2016-04-15  MS Published Date:  2016-05-11
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Tesfahunegny W "A Review on Zoonosis and Avian Influenza (Bird Flu): A Literature Review" Journal of Zoology Studies 3.2 (2016): 6-22.
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Tesfahunegny, W. (2016). A Review on Zoonosis and Avian Influenza (Bird Flu): A Literature Review. Journal of Zoology Studies, 3(2), 6-22.
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Tesfahunegny W. A Review on Zoonosis and Avian Influenza (Bird Flu): A Literature Review. Journal of Zoology Studies. 2016; 3(2): 6-22.
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