Eco-Technological Solutions of Development Based Wildlife Threat Factors: A Lesson for Sustainable Wildlife Conservation in Ethiopia

Mulualem G Ayalew S      

Abstract

Contemporary technological advancements of mankind have changed the livelihood of the largest global community and challenged wildlife conservation activities. However, some of the backdrops of the infrastructural developments like wind power, aviation, road networking, peak architectural buildings are the current threat factors operating against wildlife diversity in the edge cutting knowledge of various conservation science literatures. However, in the face of the rapid threats that are taking place in Ethiopia and the world in general, the importance for conservation of wildlife is of fundamental importance along the developmental agendas. Furthermore, there is a need to integrate the problems being observed in an effort to sustain local development needs along conservation of our mega- fauna using applicable emerging eco-technologies. The review discusses succinctly internally consistent scenarios that explore aspects of eco technology and their implications for addressing development raised wildlife threat factors.  Eco-technological solutions of wildlife and Aviation industry, eco-tech of halting wildlife trafficking related conservation crimes, eco- tech of reducing birds collision with wind power structures, eco- tech in the light of road kill of wild animals along highway were the central theme of the review. As well, the interaction of current development processes and wildlife conservation and future prospects on the lessons need to be learnt for sustainable wildlife conservation in Ethiopia were also discussed. There appears to be no single success formula that can be applied to solve development based wildlife threat factors. As a result of this, the reviewed eco-techno solutions should be maintained based on local experience and/or fits best to the local ecological sittings. This review demonstrates that the stipulated development based wildlife threat factors can be managed using the existing eco-technological solutions. Further, Ethiopia is a country under rapid development of with expansions of the above mentioned infrastructures. Thus, there is a need to acquire some lesson from the emerging eco-techno solutions in the upcoming growth and transformation plan of eco-friend industrial Ethiopia.


MS Received Date:   2016-04-06  MS Accepted Date:  2016-05-14  MS Published Date:  2016-05-15
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Mulualem G, Ayalew S. "Eco-Technological Solutions of Development Based Wildlife Threat Factors: A Lesson for Sustainable Wildlife Conservation in Ethiopia" Journal of Zoology Studies 3.2 (2016): 29-43.
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Mulualem, G., Ayalew, S. (2016). Eco-Technological Solutions of Development Based Wildlife Threat Factors: A Lesson for Sustainable Wildlife Conservation in Ethiopia. Journal of Zoology Studies, 3(2), 29-43.
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Mulualem G, Ayalew S. Eco-Technological Solutions of Development Based Wildlife Threat Factors: A Lesson for Sustainable Wildlife Conservation in Ethiopia. Journal of Zoology Studies. 2016; 3(2): 29-43.
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