Prevalence of infectious diseases in local and fayoumi breeds of rural poultry (Gallus domesticus) under climate change scenario

Jamil M Khan MK Mansoor M Khan A Rizwan UH   

Abstract

A field research was carried out to investigate the prevalence of the poultry diseases in rural fowl in thesil Paharpur, district Dera Ismail Khan during 2016. Data recording sample was kept 300 sick / dead Desi (local breed) and Fayoumi hens. Symptoms of diseases and postmartum examination of the effected birds was done as per prescribe medical diagnosis procedure. For differentiation between bacterial and viral diseases, McConkey agar media protocols were adopted in the laboratory at Veterinary Research Centre, Dera Ismail Khan. The growth process of diseases was carried by incubating the suspected materials at 37°C for 24-28 hours. Sugar fermentation and biochemical tests were applied as per recommended procedure and the results were analyzed statistically using simple score test method. The disease prevalence was found high (55.72%) in Fayoumi than local breed i.e., Desi hens (44.28%). The overall prevalence of various diseases was as such, Newcastle (31.33%), salmonellosis (8.66%), collibacillosis (7%), coccidiosis (2.33%), fowl pox (7.55%), water belly (0%), infectious coryza (12%), infectious bronchitis (8%), chronic respiratory disease (13%) and avian influenza (10.13%). The increased incidence of diseases over the past can be attributed to the climate change in the area of study. Hence it is recommended that beside proper management and vaccination, exploration of new strategies to cope with the climate change is direly needed for sustainability of poultry industry.


MS Received Date:   2016-04-22  MS Accepted Date:  2016-05-16  MS Published Date:  2016-06-24
Downloads:  323  Views:  331


Download Pdf
Jamil M, Khan MK., Mansoor M., Khan A., Rizwan UH. "Prevalence of infectious diseases in local and fayoumi breeds of rural poultry (Gallus domesticus) under climate change scenario" Journal of Zoology Studies 3.3 (2016): 18-21.
Citation in MLA Format
Jamil, M., Khan, MK., Mansoor, M., Khan, A., Rizwan, UH. (2016). Prevalence of infectious diseases in local and fayoumi breeds of rural poultry (Gallus domesticus) under climate change scenario. Journal of Zoology Studies, 3(3), 18-21.
Citation in APA Format
Jamil M, Khan MK, Mansoor M, Khan A, Rizwan UH. Prevalence of infectious diseases in local and fayoumi breeds of rural poultry (Gallus domesticus) under climate change scenario. Journal of Zoology Studies. 2016; 3(3): 18-21.
Citation in Vancouver Format
Creative Commons License