An annotated checklist of Horseflies (Diptera: Tabanidae) from India with remarks on Surra disease vectors

Maity A Naskar A Sengupta J Hazra S Parui P Homechaudhuri S Banerjee D 

Abstract

Tabanids are one of the representative groups of brachyceran insects under order Diptera and family Tabanidae as they have two wings, haltere, sickle shaped antennae, pulvilliform empodium and their 4th and 5th radial veins terminate on opposite side of the wing. Tabnids are known for their furious bite followed by annoying sensation. Their haematophagy makes them economically important as a serious pest for domestic and wild lives. Several viral, bacterial and protozoan diseases are reported to be transmitted by around 20 species of vector tabanids from India. Among all other diseases, Trypanosomiasis (locally called ‘Surra’) is one of the most prevalent protozoan diseases in Indian sub-regions and causes serious threats to livestock and wild animal mortality. In India, 14 species are reported as Surra disease vectors. Worldwide the Family Tabanidae has 4406 known species in 137 genera (Pape T et.al. 2013) and is represented by 310 species in 20 genera in Oriental region. Existing checklist of Tabanidae from India reported the presence of 244 species under 15 genera and 3subfamily. Here an updated checklist of Tabanidae has been provided with 247 species and 1 subspecies belonging to 14 genera in 6 tribes and 3 subfamilies. Old names have been modified to update the current list.


MS Received Date:   2016-07-09  MS Accepted Date:  2016-08-11  MS Published Date:  2016-08-22
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Maity A, Naskar A., Sengupta J., Hazra S., Parui P., Homechaudhuri S., Banerjee D. "An annotated checklist of Horseflies (Diptera: Tabanidae) from India with remarks on Surra disease vectors" Journal of Zoology Studies 3.4 (2016): 53-84.
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Maity, A., Naskar, A., Sengupta, J., Hazra, S., Parui, P., Homechaudhuri, S., Banerjee, D. (2016). An annotated checklist of Horseflies (Diptera: Tabanidae) from India with remarks on Surra disease vectors. Journal of Zoology Studies, 3(4), 53-84.
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Maity A, Naskar A, Sengupta J, Hazra S, Parui P, Homechaudhuri S, Banerjee D. An annotated checklist of Horseflies (Diptera: Tabanidae) from India with remarks on Surra disease vectors. Journal of Zoology Studies. 2016; 3(4): 53-84.
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