Status of leopard Panthera pardus and striped hyena Hyaena hyaena and their prey in Achanakmar Tiger Reserve, Central India

Mandal D Basak K Mishra RP Kaul R Mondal K   

Abstract

To understand the multi-predator ecosystem and their prey, the present study assessed status of leopard (Panthera pardus) and striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena) (co-predators of tiger) and their prey species in Achanakmar Tiger Reserve (ATR) between October 2010 and March 2011 to address issues concerning recovery of tiger population in the area. Camera trapping under mark-recapture framework was followed to estimate the abundance of leopard and striped hyena and line transects based on distance sampling was used to estimate the abundance of prey species. The estimated leopard density in the study area was 12.04 ± 2.98/ 100 km2, whereas it was 4.54 ± 1.75/ 100 km2 for striped hyena.  The present study revealed that the combined wild ungulate prey base (32.62 ± 11.48/ km²) in the study area can support more tigers (19.57 ± 6.88/ 100 km²) than the existing population of the entire Tiger Reserve [12 (11-13)]. Livestock abundance was found to be high 25.44 ± 11.10/ km2), which may cause detrimental effect to the wild ungulates and their habitat and also enhance chances of negative human-wildlife interactions. Therefore, an effective protection and conservation strategy of habitat and prey and restocking tiger population in ATR is crucial for long-term survival of other carnivores and their prey.


MS Received Date:   2017-08-01  MS Accepted Date:  2017-08-20  MS Published Date:  2017-11-08
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Mandal D, Basak K., Mishra RP., Kaul R., Mondal K. "Status of leopard Panthera pardus and striped hyena Hyaena hyaena and their prey in Achanakmar Tiger Reserve, Central India" Journal of Zoology Studies 4.4 (2017): 34-41.
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Mandal, D., Basak, K., Mishra, RP., Kaul, R., Mondal, K. (2017). Status of leopard Panthera pardus and striped hyena Hyaena hyaena and their prey in Achanakmar Tiger Reserve, Central India. Journal of Zoology Studies, 4(4), 34-41.
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Mandal D, Basak K, Mishra RP, Kaul R, Mondal K. Status of leopard Panthera pardus and striped hyena Hyaena hyaena and their prey in Achanakmar Tiger Reserve, Central India. Journal of Zoology Studies. 2017; 4(4): 34-41.
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